Fungi: Death Becomes Them - CrashCourse Biology #39
The use of nanomaterials offer major advantages due to their unique size, shape and significantly improved physical, chemical, helminthosporium conidia and antimicrobial properties. Physicochemical and antimicrobial properties of metal nanoparticles have received much atte There are different methods i.
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Chemical and physical methods have some limitations, and therefore, biological methods are needed to develop environment-friendly synthesis of nanoparticles. Moreover, biological method for the production of nanoparticles is simpler than chemical method as biological agents secrete large amount of enzymes, which reduce metals and can be responsible for the synthesis helminthosporium conidia capping on nanoparticles.
Biological systems for nanoparticle synthesis include plants, fungi, bacteria, yeasts, and actinomycetes. Many plant species including Opuntia ficus-indica, Azardirachta indica, Lawsonia inermis, Triticum aestivum, Hydrilla verticillata, Citrus medica, Catharanthus roseus, Avena sativa, etc.
Helminthosporium conidia spp. Among all biological systems, fungi have been found to be more efficient system for synthesis of metal nanoparticles as they are easy to grow, produce more biomass and secret many enzymes. Myconanotechnology is the interface between mycology and nanotechnology, and is an exciting new applied helminthosporium conidia science that may have considerable potential, partly due helminthosporium conidia the wide range and diversity of fungi.
Nanotechnology is the promising tool to improve agricultural productivity though delivery of genes and drug molecules to target sites at cellular levels, genetic improvement, and nano-array based gene-technologies for gene expressions in plants and also use of nanoparticles-based gene transfer for breeding helminthosporium conidia varieties resistant to different pathogens and pests.
The nanoparticles like copper Cusilver Agtitanium Ti and chitosan have shown their potential as novel antimicrobials for the management of pathogenic microorganisms affecting agricultural crops. Different experiments confirmed that fungal hyphae and conidial germination of pathogenic fungi are significantly inhibited by copper nanoparticles. Helminthosporium conidia nanotechnologies can be used for the disease detection and also for its management.
The progress in development of nano-herbicides, nano-fungicides and nano-pesticides will open up new avenues in the field of management of plant pathogens. The use of different nanoparticles in agriculture will increase productivity of crop.
It helminthosporium conidia the necessity of time to use nanotechnology in agriculture with extensive experimental trials.
However, helminthosporium conidia are challenges particularly the toxicity, which is not a big issue as compared to fungicides helminthosporium conidia pesticides.